BCSSE Overview

BCSSE U.S. Respondents

BCSSE is locally administered, so sampling schemes and data collection methods vary across participating institutions. Most institutions sample their entire incoming first-year population and collect data from 50% to nearly 100% of their students. BCSSE 2019 respondents are profiled in Table 2.

Most BCSSE respondents graduated from a public high school, with more than half earning grades of A− or higher in high school (Table 3). In addition, about 39% of respondents attended an institution with two or more friends. About two thirds of all respondents attended their first-choice institution.

Table 1: Profile of BCSSE 2019 U.S. Institutions and Respondents, and Bachelors-Granting U.S. Institutions and Their Students
Institution CharacteristicsInstitutions (%)
Students (%)
BCSSEU.S.aBCSSEU.S.a
Carnegie Basic Classification
Doctoral Universities
(Very high research activity)
281730
Doctoral Universities
(Higher research activity)
981916
Doctoral/Professional Universities49610
Master's Colleges and Universities (Larger programs)28213126
Master's Colleges and Universities (Medium programs)141286
Master's Colleges and Universities (Smaller programs)9833
Baccalaureate Colleges—Arts & Sciences Focus2115104
Baccalaureate Colleges—Diverse Fields141945
Control
Public40366967
Private60643133
Undergraduate Enrollment
Fewer than 1,000122222
1,000–2,4994131189
2,500–4,9991117611
5,000–9,99915152019
10,000–19,9991383022
20,000 or more872537
Notes: Percentages are unweighted and based on U.S. postsecondary institutions that award baccalaureate degrees and belong to one of the eight Carnegie classifications in the table. Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding. U.S. percentages are based on the 2018 IPEDS Institutional Characteristics data. For information on the Carnegie Foundation’s 2018 Basic Classification, see carnegieclassifications.iu.edu

Table 2: Profile of BCSSE 2019 First-Year Respondents: Demographic Characteristics
Demographic CharacteristicsPercentage of Respondents
Gender Identity
Man39
Woman60
Another gender identity<1
Preferred not to respond<1
Racial/Ethnic Identification
American Indian or Alaska Native<1
Asian7
Black or African American8
Hispanic or Latino13
Middle Eastern or North African
1
Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Isl.<1
White57
Multiracial13
Other<1
International Student5
High School Graduation Year
2016 or earlier<1
20171
20182
201997
First Generation Student a40
Financial Aid Recipientb86
Notes: Includes respondents from U.S. Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.
a. No parent (or guardian) holds a bachelor’s degree.
b. Received any scholarship, grant, or student loan.

 

 

Table 3: Profile of BCSSE 2019 First-Year Respondents: Other Characteristics
Other CharacteristicsPercentage of Respondents
High School Type
Public86
Private, religiously affiliated10
Private, no religiously affiliated4
Home school<1
Other<1
High School Grades (Typical)
A/A+42
A-19
B+18
B14
B-3
C+ or lower3
Number of friends attending the same institution
None43
118
214
3 or more25
Choice of institution
First66
Second25
Third or lower9
Notes: Includes respondents from U.S. Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.

 

 

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Visit the Working with BCSSE Data page for illustrative recent examples.

Evidence-Based Improvement in Higher Education

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