Survey Data and Methodology
Approximately 1.5 million first-year and senior students from 531 institutions (504 in the US, 19 in Canada, and 8 in other countries) were invited to participate in NSSE 2019. Of this population, 294,507 students responded to the survey. Less than half (47%) of these were first-year students and 53% were seniors.
NSSE’s sampling methodology calls for either a census of all first-year and senior students or a random selection of an equal number of students from each group, with sample size based on total undergraduate enrollment. Census administration is available only via email recruitment, in which students get a survey invitation and up to four reminders by email. In 2019, all but three participating institutions opted for this method rather than the regular mail option, in which sampled students get up to three messages by post and up to two email reminders.
Unless noted otherwise, the results presented below are from 510 institutions—491 in the US and 19 in Canada— that participated in NSSE 2019. Due to nonstandard details of their participation, 21 institutions are not represented. In these summary tables, as in each Institutional Report 2019, only data for census-administered and randomly sampled students are included. NSSE 2019 U.S. respondents profiled here include 281,136 first-year (46%) and senior (54%) respondents.