The National Survey of Student Engagement has spent over a decade exploring and promoting High Impact-Practices (HIPs). HIPs encompass enriching educational experiences that can be life-changing for students. NSSE tracks student participation in six HIPs: community-based service-learning, learning communities, research with faculty, internship or field experiences, study abroad, culminating senior experiences.
In our 2007 Annual Results NSSE founding director, George Kuh recommended that students participate in two HIPs - one in the first year and one later related to their major field. Results from NSSE 2019 show that overall, roughly 3 in 5 first-year students and seniors have achieved these goals.
Students who take part in a HIP experience higher levels of engagement during college, greater levels of deep learning, and greater gains in learning and personal development.
Racially-minoritized students who participate in HIPs tend to have higher levels of satisfaction, quality of interactions, and perceptions of a supportive campus environment than those who do not.
NSSE has helped center the importance of HIPs as unique educational experiences among higher education institutions. Our Data Use in Brief reports provide numerous examples of how institutions have used NSSE data to encourage participation in HIPs.
As the popularity of HIPs has grown, questions remain about HIP access, equity, and quality. NSSE is spearheading research in this area through the HIP Quality project led by Jillian Kinzie and Alex McCormick with support from Lumina Foundation.